Ballot Certanties

Letter submited to US commission on ballot machines ( Sept 21, 2004

An electoral system that provides legal certainty is useless if it does not also provide moral certainty -- i.e. that the count delivered is as close as possible to the count of votes actually cast.

Touch-screen voting machines, as they are currently implemented do not provide a vote count that connot be questioned. They provide a vote count that cannot be *verified*. Those two distinctions could not be further apart wothout a good deal of malignant effort.

(see also my earlier submission RE: easter eggs ( copy at )

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Stephen Samuel (